Do you know that full-spectrum CBD has more than just pure CBD? Other than CBD, the main family of compounds present in an unprocessed CBD extract is terpenes. Around 140 terpenes are found in cannabis plants, among which a few are present in amounts that can affect the person who consumes it. These compounds are found initially in the form of terpenoids which later undergo denaturation by oxidation to give terpene.
Terpenes are added to substances as flavorings and fragrances. They are responsible for the unique smell of the cannabis plant. Other than being aromatic, these compounds are neurotransmitters and react with receptors. The main activities of terpenes are:
- Increases norepinephrine activity
- Increases dopamine activity
- Help augment GABA
Let’s have a look at the different terpenes in CBD oil. This
Myrcene is the most common terpene present in the cannabis plant. It is the reason why CBD extract has an earthy, rustic, and musky smell. People describe its smell as herbal, similar to that of cloves. The main benefit of myrcene is that it lowers the blood-brain barrier. It is known for its analgesic, anti-biotic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-mutagenic properties.
As it is clear from what it is called, pinene is found in pine trees and is what gives them their unique aroma. This terpene is used as an anti-inflammatory agent, an expectorant, a bronchodilator, and a local antiseptic. Moreover, an isomer of pinene has also shown anti-cancer activities.
Limonene is a monocyclic terpene formed from pinene. It is found in high amounts in citrus fruits and is responsible for the smell of lemons and oranges. These terpenes give them their anti-fungal properties.
If you feel calm after having CBD, it is partly because of this terpene. Linalool is found in lavender and is used in perfumes to give the floral aroma. This terpene has been used as a sleeping aid for a very long time and suppresses the anxiousness caused by THC. It was proven that linalool impacts the immune system. Moreover, it has been recommended as a pesticide.
This is another terpene found predominantly in flowers. There are high concentrations of terpinolene in rosemary and sage flowers which are used widely in soaps and perfumes. The smell of this terpene helps control anxiety, as it is a central nervous system depressant and is used to induce sleep.
There are many more terpenes in CBD oil that help CBD extract function well. However, the benefits of terpenes can only be experienced in full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD.