A significant part of the global population suffers from depression that can affect their overall well-being as well social life quality. Multiple social factors, personal experiences and changes in hormonal levels can act as triggers to depression, and the condition is handled using anti-depressant medications, some of which might cause several side effects.
CBD has come up as an alternative anti-depressant medication that handles depression symptoms without causing side effects like some anti-depressants.
Several animal studies have confirmed the effectiveness of CBD in treating depression. A 2014 review suggested that CBD is effective as an antidepressant and anti-anxiety medication as per the results of studies on animal models.
Reviews of animal studies in 2018 shed light to the anti-depressant effects of CBD. The compound promises to produce effect in short term as well as long term use. The cannabinoid produced anti-depressant effects in the body by influencing the endocannabinoid system that regulates multiple body functions like sleep, appetite, mood etc indirectly. The indirect interaction with the endocannabinoid system reduces the risk of CBD becoming addictive or habit-forming.
More studies, especially in humans has to be conducted to discover the optimum potential of CBD in treating depression, indicating that the research still has a long way to go.
Using CBD As An Anti-Depressant
There are multiple ways of CBD intake and the choice depends on personal preferences, the condition one is treating as well as bioavailability of the administering method. In order to treat depression, CBD has to interact with the endocannabinoid receptors in the brain which is why ingestible forms of CBD are mostly preferred for depression treatment.
Topical CBD products are exclusively meant for external application and are majorly used for pain relief as well as in skin care. They are not effective for depression treatment. Some common ingestible CBD products include CBD oil, tinctures, sprays, edibles etc.
CBD oils and tinctures are taken sublingually, where it is placed under the tongue for about 60 seconds after which it is swallowed. The CBD in the sublingual product reaches the bloodstream via the sublingual glands, thereby eliminating the processing by the digestive system as in the case of CBD edibles.
Similar to the anti-depressant effect of CBD, its potential to treat multiple mental disorders like anxiety, post traumatic stress disorder etc has increased the use of CBD to promote mental health.